Reducing the risk of mpox transmission

 Mpox is a viral disease that can be transmitted by close contact with skin lesions, body fluids, respiratory droplets and contaminated materials.

Mpox is zoonotic, which means it can pass between animals and humans.

Typically, a person with mpox is infectious and can pass the virus on to others from when they first develop symptoms until their lesions or scab’s crust, dry or fall off.

Infection prevention and control measures can reduce the risk of transmission of mpox.

The measures include isolation, hand hygiene, appropriate use of personal protective equipment (PPE), cleaning, and management of laundry and rubbish.

Mpox has the potential to pass between animals and humans, although this is extremely rare.

Read more about reducing the transmission of mpox to animals.

Advice for people isolating at home

 This guidance for people isolating at home provides information and advice on:

  • isolating from other people
  • hygiene practices
  • caring for your skin
  • protecting other people you live with
  • managing clothing and linen, laundry, food and drink implements
  • cleaning and disinfecting.


Guidance for accommodation providers

 This information and guidance for accommodation providers who have guests with probable or confirmed mpox provides advice on personal hygiene measures and protective equipment, guest movement, managing rubbish, and cleaning.


Guidance for venue providers

 This guidance is for owners, managers and staff of sex-on-premises venues and gives advice on cleaning their venues and waste management considering the recent increase in mpox infections in New Zealand.


Guidance for health care

 This guidance aims to provide interim guidance for health practitioners who are assessing, receiving or caring for people with suspected or confirmed mpox.

Infection prevention and control measures, including hand hygiene, appropriate use of personal protective equipment (PPE), patient placement, environmental cleaning and management of infectious laundry and waste are in place.